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新论文介绍:Comparison of the Northwestern Pacific Summer Climate Simulated by AMIP II AGCMs

[发布日期: 2014-12-31 浏览量 840]

This study examines the skills in simulating interannual variability of northwestern Pacific (NWP) summer climate in twelve AMIP II atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs). The models show a wide range of skills, among those HadGAM1 showed the highest fidelity and thus may be a better choice for studying East Asian–NWP summer climate. To understand the possible causes for the difference among the models, five models (HadGAM1, ECHAM5, AM2.1, MIROC-hi, CAM3), which have various skills ranging from the highest, medium to the minor, were selected for analyses. The simulated teleconnection of NWP summer climate with sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical Indian and Pacific oceans was first compared. HadGAM1 reproduces suppressed (intensified) rainfall during El Niño (La Niña) events and captures well the remote connection with the tropical Indian Ocean, while the other models either underestimate (ECHAM5, AM2.1, MIROC-hi) or fail to reproduce (CAM3) these teleconnections. The Walker Cell and diabatic heating were further compared to shed light on the underlying physical mechanisms for the difference. Consistent with the best performance in simulating interannual rainfall, HadGAM1 exhibits the highest skill in capturing the observed climatology of Walker Cell and diabatic heating. These results highlight the key roles of model’s background climatology in Walker Cell and diabatic heating, thus providing important clues to improving model’s ability.